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Struthers & Perry, 1996: Attributing academic failure as unstable and controllable improved grades among undergraduates with an unstable-uncontrollable attributional style

Reference:

Struthers, C. W., & Perry, R. P. (1996). Attributional style, attributional retraining, and inoculation against motivational deficits. Social Psychology of Education, 1(2), 171-187.
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Summary:

Undergraduate introductory psychology students learned that students’ beliefs about poor performance can influence subsequent performance, and that they would learn how their beliefs could work for them instead of against them. They then watched an 8-minute video in which a university professor introduced two students who discussed doing poorly on a test, and how they first attributed their poor performance to inability but learned that it in fact reflected a lack of effort and poor strategies. Students then discussed the causes of academic struggles in small groups. As compared to a randomized control condition, this improved course grades who had an unstable-uncontrollable attributional style.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about ability or potential

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

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Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018