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Perry & Penner, 1990: Attributing academic performance to effort improved academic achievement among undergraduate students one week later

Reference:

Perry, R. P., & Penner, K. S. (1990). Enhancing academic achievement in college students through attributional retraining and instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(2), 262.
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Summary:

Undergraduate introductory psychology students watched an 8-minute video in which a university professor described overcoming repeated failure in college to succeed in university and graduate school and encouraged students to attribute poor performance to inadequate effort and good performance to ability and proper effort. As compared to a no-video randomized control condition, this improved student achievement on a test 1 week later, especially for students with an external locus of control.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about ability or potential

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018