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Boehm et al., 2011: Expressing optimism or conveying gratitude increased life satisfaction over one month later among Anglo Americans, Asians only benefitted when conveying gratitude

Reference:

Boehm, J. K., Lyubomirsky, S., & Sheldon, K. M. (2011). A longitudinal experimental study comparing the effectiveness of happiness-enhancing strategies in Anglo Americans and Asian Americans. Cognition & Emotion, 25(7), 1263-1272.
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Summary:

Asking Anglo American adults to express optimism (“write about their best possible life in the future”) once a week for 10 minutes reported increased life satisfaction relative to a control condition (list what they had done in the past week) over this period and one month later. Asian American adults showed no such benefits. Similar benefits arose from asking people to convey gratitude (write letters of appreciation to friends or family members).

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Psychological Question Addressed

Do I think and feel positively about myself?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Do I think and feel positively about myself?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018