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Bandura & Schunk, 1981: Motivating with manageable goals increased learning and self-efficacy in math among uninterested or struggling 7-10 year olds

Reference:

Bandura, A., & Schunk, D. H. (1981). Cultivating competence, self-efficacy, and intrinsic interest through proximal self-motivation. Journal of personality and social psychology, 41(3), 586.
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Summary:

7-10-year-old children behind and with little interest in math were asked to complete instructional items with a proximal goal (6 pages/session). As compared to students assigned a distal goal (42 pages over 7 sessions) or no specific goal (“as many pages…as possible”), the proximal goal intervention increased students’ self-efficacy in math and their math learning.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about ability or potential

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I capable of learning or performing well?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I capable of learning or performing well?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018