WISE INTERVENTIONS

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Hausmann et al., 2009: Receiving gifts increased the sense of belonging among White first-year college students

Reference:

Hausmann, L. R., Ye, F., Schofield, J. W., & Woods, R. L. (2009). Sense of belonging and persistence in White and African American first-year students. Research in Higher Education, 50(7), 649-669.
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Summary:

Either (1) giving first-year college students small gifts displaying the school logo, colors, or name (e.g., hat, magnet) and sending messages affirming students were a valued member of the college community from university administrators or (2) giving students similar gifts without university insignia from the research team in the first semester increased a sense of belonging among White students at the end of the second semester but not Black students. There were no effects on other self-report measures (e.g., assessing peer and faculty interactions) or on persistence or GPA, though sense of belonging predicted these outcomes through other factors.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

To Feel Connected, Included, Respected, and Valued by Others

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Remedy Threats to Belonging that Undermine Functioning

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I noticed by others?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Bolstering beliefs about social connectedness

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I noticed by others?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018