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Kizilcec & Cohen, 2017 Experiment 2: Reflecting, planning, and setting goals increased the likelihood to complete an online computer science course for individualistic but not for collectivist students

Reference:

Kizilcec, R. F., Saltarelli, A. J., Reich, J., & Cohen, G. L. (2017). Closing global achievement gaps in MOOCs. Science, 355(6322), 251-252.
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Summary:

At the start of an online 6-week introductory computer science course, students were randomized to complete a mental contrasting with implementation intentions exercise—vividly describing the positive outcomes associated with watching most of the course lectures and obstacles that could interfere with this goal (mental contrasting), and then writing if-then plans, one for each obstacle and how they would overcome it and one for when and where they intended to watch the lectures (implementation intentions) (Duckworth et al., 2011)—or control exercise (prior experience with the course topic, expectations for the course, how much time they intended to spend on the course per week). Whereas students from individualistic cultures (e.g., the United States Australia, France) were more likely to complete the course in the treatment condition (29.5%) than in the control condition (25.7%), those from collectivist cultures (e.g., Mexico, China, Romania) showed no benefit (treatment: 21.1%; control: 23.5%). Students who completed either the mental contrasting or the implementation intention exercise (but not both) showed no benefits, regardless of cultural context.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about goals

Psychological Question Addressed

How will I accomplish my goals?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

How will I accomplish my goals?

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Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018