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Wilson & Linville, 1982: Reviewing information about improving GPA over time raised GPA among first-year undergraduates and reduced dropout rates over the next year

Reference:

Wilson, T. D., & Linville, P. W. (1982). Improving the academic performance of college freshmen: Attribution therapy revisited. Journal of personality and social psychology, 42(2), 367.
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Summary:

First-year undergraduates who reported being worried about their academic performance and who received first-semester GPAs below 3.50 reviewed information that most students receive first-year grades lower than what they had anticipated but that their grades improved with time. They then viewed videos of upper-year students describing difficulties they experienced in their first year and how these improved with time. As compared to a randomized control condition, this raised GPA over the next year and reduced sophomore-year dropout rates from 25% to 5%.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about ability or potential

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018