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Kross & Ayduk, 2008, Study 2: Adopting self-distanced perspective when recalling overwhelming experiences reduced depressive and recurring thoughts among young adults a week later

Reference:

Kross, E., & Ayduk, O. (2008). Facilitating adaptive emotional analysis: Distinguishing distanced-analysis of depressive experiences from immersed-analysis and distraction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(7), 924-938.
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Summary:

Young adults were asked to “recall an experience in which they felt overwhelming feelings of sadness and depression.” Then, participants were (1) asked to adopt a self-distanced perspective (“Go back to the time and place of the experience…take a few steps back and move away from your experience…watch the experience unfold as if it were happening all over again to the distant you”), (2) asked to adopt a self-immersed perspective (“relive the situation as if it were happening to you all over again”) or (3) were distracted by responding to various survey statements (e.g., “pencils are made with graphite”). One and seven days later, participants in the self-distanced condition showed reduced depressed affect and reported experiencing fewer recurring thoughts about their depression experience.

Psychological Process:

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

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Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018