Smith et al., 2018: Learning about strategies and difficulties of emotion regulation increased emotional well-being and belonging in school among middle schoolers over six weeks
Middle school students were taught through two 45-minute online modules about emotions, that difficulties with emotion regulation are normal, that emotions can be modified through specific emotion regulation strategies (e.g., reappraisal), and that people can get better at modifying their emotions with practice. Control students completed similar online modules but focused on brain localization. Two to six weeks after the second session, students in the treatment group endorsed more adaptive theories of emotion reported greater emotional well-being and belonging in school. There was no difference in general school satisfaction, overall emotional well-being, or life satisfaction.