Harris et al., 2007: Affirming desired characteristics increased motivation to smoke less but did not change actual smoking behavior among adults one week later
Harris, P. R., Mayle, K., Mabbott, L., & Napper, L. (2007). Self-affirmation reduces smokers' defensiveness to graphic on-pack cigarette warning labels. Health Psychology, 26(4), 437.Download PDF
Smokers who first reflected on their desirable characteristics were more accepting of information about the health risks of smoking. They also reported greater motivation to smoke less 1-week later but no change in actual smoking.