WISE INTERVENTIONS

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Yeager, Walton, et al., 2016, Experiment 3-Critical Feedback: Representing critical feedback as reflecting professors’ belief in their students’ ability to reach a higher standard in an online, prematriculation exercise improved GPA and promoted social and academic integration among minority and first-generation college students over the first year of college

Reference:

Yeager, D. S., Walton, G. M., Brady, S. T., Akcinar, E. N., Paunesku, D., Keane, L., ... & Gomez, E. M. (2016). Teaching a lay theory before college narrows achievement gaps at scale. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201524360.
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Summary:

A version of the wise-feedback intervention (Yeager, Purdie-Vaughns, et al., 2014 Experiment 3) adapted for online delivery prior to matriculation in college was delivered in online modules alongside other entrance forms in the summer before students entered a selective private university. Participants were 90%+ of the entering class. In the treatment condition, stories from older students emphasized that instructors in college give critical feedback because they believe that recipients can reach a higher standard. Students read the stories and then wrote an essay about how they anticipated their own experiences with critical feedback in college would reflect this process. As compared to a randomized control condition, this exercise, along with social-belonging and cultural fit interventions, increased the first-year GPAs of negatively stereotyped ethnic-minority and first-generation White college students, reducing the achievement gap by 31%, and reduced the percentage of these students in the bottom quarter of the class in the first year from 50% to 37%. At the end of the first year, treatment-condition minority and first-generation students also reported making more close friends, getting more involved in extracurricular activities, seeking out academic support services more, and being more likely to have developed strong mentor relationships.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Other People and Groups

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing how other people appear to view the self

Psychological Question Addressed

Why did I receive critical feedback?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Why did I receive critical feedback?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018