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Chao et al., 2017: Learning about the malleability of intelligence and choosing a reward for attending classes increased performance on standardized tests among high-performing Indian students

Reference:

Chao, M. M., Visaria, S., Mukhopadhyay, A., & Dehejia, R. (2017). Do rewards reinforce the growth mindset?: Joint effects of the growth mindset and incentive schemes in a field intervention. Journal of experimental psychology: General, 146(10), 1402.
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Summary:

2,420 students in 107 grade 3 classes in nonformal schools run by an nongovernmental organization in slum areas in a large city in western India were randomized, at the class level, to a 2 x 3 design: (1) a growth-mindset intervention (10 1-hour sessions in which students learned about how the brain grows as knowledge develops and how challenges provide opportunities for growth), versus a control condition focused on how the heart works, and (2) to an emphasis on the importance of attendance and public tracking of attendance and either a self-chosen (autonomy-supportive) or a teacher-chosen reward for high attendance, versus no emphasis on attendance and no reward for high attendance. At the end of the academic year, students took a standardized academic test of factual knowledge, concept recognition, problem solving, and analytic skills. Students with higher levels of prior performance in the personal choice condition performed better with growth-mindset rather than control. There was no effect of growth-mindset for students with lower levels of performance or in the no reward or teacher choice conditions.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Psychological Question Addressed

Is intelligence fixed or can it grow

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Is intelligence fixed or can it grow

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018