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Boese et al., 2013: Learning that poor academic performance may occur because of internal, unstable, and controllable causes, improved academic achievement among undergraduates

Reference:

Boese, G. D., Stewart, T. L., Perry, R. P., & Hamm, J. M. (2013). Assisting failure-prone individuals to navigate achievement transitions using a cognitive motivation treatment (attributional retraining). Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43(9), 1946-1955.
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Summary:

Undergraduate introductory psychology students watched a brief video in which two students and a professor in psychology discussed how adopting controllable patterns of causal attributions (e.g. attributing academic failure due to lack of effort or a poor study strategy instead of lack of ability) can improve motivation and performance. Students then discussed the video in small groups and the importance of adaptive attributions (e.g. that causes can shift from "internal, stable, and uncontrollable" to "internal, unstable, and controllable"). Finally, students discussed good and bad note-taking strategies so as to illustrate the importance of expending effort. As compared to a randomized control condition, this treatment improved final course grades in psychology and first-year grade-point-average among students who were more failure avoidant. There was no effect for students less failure avoidant.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about ability or potential

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

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Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018