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Benedetti et al., 2003: Making the injection of drugs visible increased the drug's effectiveness and decreased pain and anxiety among patients

Reference:

Benedetti, F., Maggi, G., Lopiano, L., Lanotte, M., Rainero, I., Vighetti, S., & Pollo, A. (2003). Open versus hidden medical treatments: The patient's knowledge about a therapy affects the therapy outcome. Prevention & Treatment, 6(1), 1a.
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Summary:

Making the injection of drugs visible rather than invisible to patients increased their effectiveness, including greater reductions in pain from morphine, greater reductions in anxiety from diazepam, and greater reductions in heart rate from propranolol.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Personal and Social Experiences

Psychological Question Addressed

Will this treatment or behavior help me?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Will this treatment or behavior help me?

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018