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Vansteenkiste, Simons, Lens, Sheldon, et al., 2004, Experiment 1: Teaching recycling in an autonomous or intrinsic way increased understanding and motivation to recycle among Belgian college students

Reference:

Vansteenkiste, M., Simons, J., Lens, W., Sheldon, K. M., & Deci, E. L. (2004). Motivating learning, performance, and persistence: The synergistic effects of intrinsic goal contents and autonomy-supportive contexts. Journal of personality and social psychology, 87(2), 246.
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Summary:

Belgian college students studying to become preschool teachers learned about recycling in class. For some the instructions used autonomy-supportive phrases like “you can,” “you might,” and “if you choose.” For others the instructions used controlling phrases like, “you should,” “you have to,” and “you’d better.” Students in the autonomy-supportive condition learned more, performing better on a test of conceptual understanding and contributing more to a group discussion a week later, reported more autonomous motivation, and were more likely to seek out further information about recycling. Similar benefits were also found for an intervention that represented the course content as linked to students’ intrinsic goals to be teachers.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about goals

Psychological Question Addressed

Is this goal my own or imposed?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Is this goal my own or imposed?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018