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Pennebaker & Francis, 1996: Writing about deepest thoughts and emotions about college decreased doctor visits and improved GPA among first-year students

Reference:

Pennebaker, J. W., & Francis, M. E. (1996). Cognitive, emotional, and language processes in disclosure. Cognition & Emotion, 10(6), 601-626.
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Summary:

Asking first-year college students to write about their “deepest emotions and thoughts” about coming to college for 20-minutes/day on 3 consecutive days in the first semester reduced doctor visits and improved grade-point-average, relative to students who wrote about trivial topics.

Psychological Process:

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018