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Jessop et al., 2014, Study 2: Affirming values and implementing if-then strategies decreased exercise among sedentary adults


Jessop, D. C., Sparks, P., Buckland, N., Harris, P. R., & Churchill, S. (2013). Combining self-affirmation and implementation intentions: Evidence of detrimental effects on behavioral outcomes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 47(2), 137-147.
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Adults who did not exercise much exercised less when they both completed a values-affirmation (describing times they had behaved kindly toward others) and an implementation intention exercise (repeating three times and committing to acting on this sentence, “And if I think about NOT doing at least one extra session of exercise over the next 7 days, then I will ignore this thought.”)

Psychological Process:

Psychological Process 2:

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Selves (My Own and Others')

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

Changing beliefs about goals

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Where and when will I accomplish my goals?

Psychological Process 3:


What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning


Psychological Question Addressed

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Walton & Wilson, 2018