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Ehret & Sherman, 2018: Affirming values and implementing if-then strategies to reduce drinking increased abstinence rates among undergraduates over two weeks

Reference:

Ehret, P. J., & Sherman, D. K. (2018). Integrating Self-Affirmation and Implementation Intentions: Effects on College Student Drinking. Annals of Behavioral Medicine.
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Summary:

College student drinkers (average of 11 drinks/week at baseline) (1) reflected on personal values (versus how a value less important to them might be important to someone else), before reading information about the risks of drinking and (2) made a plan about how to implement two strategies to reduce harm using an “If…then…” template (versus described why each strategy would be helpful). Examining the percentage of students who abstained from drinking over the next week, both main effects were significant: 41% of participants who both affirmed and completed an implementation intention abstained, as compared to 31% in the implementation-only condition, 26% in the affirmation-only condition, and 17% in the control condition. In the second week post-intervention only the main effect of affirmation was significant (combined: 35%; implementation-intention only: 23%; affirmation-only: 28%; control: 17%).

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about goals

Psychological Question Addressed

Where and when will I accomplish my goals?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Where and when will I accomplish my goals?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018