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Perry et al., 2010: Attributing academic failure as unstable and controllable increased course grades among poor- and average-performing undergraduate students

Reference:

Perry, R. P., Stupnisky, R. H., Hall, N. C., Chipperfield, J. G., & Weiner, B. (2010). Bad starts and better finishes: Attributional retraining and initial performance in competitive achievement settings. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 29(6), 668-700.
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Summary:

First-year undergraduate introductory psychology students (1) completed survey items assessing their attributions for academic failure and success, (2) watched a 10-minute video in which two students discussed how poor performance can be improved followed by a professor who emphasized the importance of controllable attributions for academic experiences, (3) took a brief very difficult aptitude test, (4) took part in a group discussion about the importance of making adaptive attributions for academic experiences, and (5) received a handout comparing adaptive versus maladaptive attributions. As compared to a randomized control group, this treatment raised course grades and first-year grade-point-average for students performing poorly or at the average, but not for students performing well.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

Selves (My Own and Others')

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Changing beliefs about ability or potential

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Does struggling mean I can’t do it?

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018