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Boehm et al., 2011: Conveying gratitude or expressing optimism increased life satisfaction among Anglo American adults over one month

Reference:

Boehm, J. K., Lyubomirsky, S., & Sheldon, K. M. (2011). A longitudinal experimental study comparing the effectiveness of happiness-enhancing strategies in Anglo Americans and Asian Americans. Cognition & Emotion, 25(7), 1263-1272.
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Summary:

Asking Anglo American adults to convey gratitude (write letters of appreciation to friends or family members) once a week for 10 minutes reported increased life satisfaction relative to a control condition (list what they had done in the past week) over this period and one month later. Asian American adults showed no such benefits. Similar benefits arose from asking participants to express optimism (“write about their best possible life in the future”).

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

To Feel Connected, Included, Respected, and Valued by Others

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Remedy Threats to Belonging that Undermine Functioning

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I connected to others?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Bolstering beliefs about social connectedness

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I connected to others?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018