WISE INTERVENTIONS

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Lyubomirsky,et al., 2011: Expressing gratitude or optimism improved well-being among self-motivated college students over six months

Reference:

Lyubomirsky, S., Dickerhoof, R., Boehm, J. K., & Sheldon, K. M. (2011). Becoming happier takes both a will and a proper way: An experimental longitudinal intervention to boost well-being. Emotion, 11(2), 391.
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Summary:

College students were asked to take 15-minutes per week over 8 weeks to make regular expressions of gratitude—to write about “times in their lives when they were grateful for something that another person did for them and then writing a letter about those experiences directly to that person (but not sending it).” In a second treatment, students were to make regular expressions of optimism “to visualize living a life consistent with their ideal self” in terms of romance, educational attainment, family life, etc.. Among students who self-selected into a study on a “happiness intervention,” who were presumably motivated to increase their happiness, completing either of these exercises as compared to a randomized control exercise (listing what they had done over the past week to increase “organizational skills”) increased reported greater well-being at the end of the 8-week writing period and at a 6-month follow-up. Among students who self-selected into a study on “cognitive exercises” there was no difference by condition.

Psychological Process:

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

To Feel Connected, Included, Respected, and Valued by Others

Approach to Desired Meaning

What about it?

Remedy Threats to Belonging that Undermine Functioning

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I connected to others?

Psychological Process 2:

Need

What is the Person Trying to Understand?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

What About it?

Approach to Desired Meaning

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Question Addressed

Psychological Process 3:

Need

What Desired Meaning is At Stake?

Approach to Desired Meaning

How?

Psychological Question Addressed

Bolstering beliefs about social connectedness

Psychological Question Addressed

Am I connected to others?

Social Area:

Intervention Technique:

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Posted By:

Walton & Wilson, 2018